TECHNOLOGY – ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: GENERAL
The term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ (‘AI’) was first used by Dartmouth College’s John McCarthy in 1956. There are several accepted definitions. One of the simplest (from Merriam-Webster) is: “The capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior” (although some would suggest that “intelligent human behavior” is a rather rare commodity). In fact, AI has now gone far further than just imitating human behavior – what it has done is to start by replicating the behavior, and then to learn to perform far better than any human can.
Some of the tasks that AI can now perform better than most (if not all) humans include:
- Visual perception (e.g. facial recognition, diagnostic imaging)
- Decision-making (e.g. autonomous vehicle operation)
- Language translation (starting in 1954 with English to Russian, and now encompassing over 100 languages)
- Game-playing (Chess in 1996 by IBM’s Deep Blue, Jeopardy in 2011 by IBM’s Watson, GO in 2016 by Google’s AlphaGo)
- General learning (e.g. selecting personal preferences)
AI involves software that implements a number of complex algorithms that may include processing massive amounts of data. It is used to control moving, physical devices, and these applications are referenced in this website as either Robotics (i.e. ground) or Drone (i.e. air; more precisely, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Technologies.
AI impacts almost every job in every industry; so, in this technology section of the website, separate pages are assigned to those industries that are most impacted currently:
- Transport (Autonomous Vehicles only)
This page includes videos and articles that relate to AI generally. Industry usage that does not fall into the four assigned separate pages are included in the AI-Miscellaneous page.
Click here for a detailed discussion about AI
TECHNOLOGY – ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE : GENERAL
LEARN FROM THESE YOUTUBE VIDEOS
REVIEW THESE INFORMATIVE ARTICLES - AND READ THOSE THAT INTEREST YOU
A State of the Art Report [April 2020] (2020-04 - New York Times)
As systems powered by AI continue to evolve and expand, so does the impact on our lives.
Artificial Intelligence: What new Jobs will AI create? (2019-11 - Welcome to the Jungle)
The recruitment services company ‘Welcome to the Jungle’ has creatively imagined five new jobs that could be created by AI: Personality Designer, AI Writer, Intelligence Ethicist, AI Coach, and Personal Data Broker.
20 terrifying uses of artificial intelligence (2019-08 - TechRepublic)
A list of 20 uses of AI that are real concerns to most people. What is particularly interesting is that almost all of them are already happening!
Research Report: Automation and AI: How machines are affecting people and places (2019-06 - Brookings Institute)
The Brookings Institution report analyzes the impacts of automation for 1980-2016 and forecasts them for 2016-2030, affecting people and communities in the US. The focus is areas of potential occupational change rather than net employment losses or gains.
AI will affect one in every five jobs in Asia, eliminating one in eight (Job Loss - 2019-05 - MIT Technology Review)
AI will be a major growth driver for Asia in the coming decade. Most companies are expecting headcount to increase. AI will affect one in every five jobs in Asia—eliminating one in eight. AI will produce winner and loser countries, depending upon their economy.
The creative future of AI’s role in generating on-demand, customized content (Media - 2019-05 - Singularity Hub)
AIs are now generating content generation, film and music, developing new plotlines, and inserting your favorite actors – dead or alive. Over the next decade, entertainment will undergo its greatest revolution yet. As AI converges with VR and crashes into democratized digital platforms, we will soon witness the rise of everything from edu-tainment, to interactive game-based storytelling, to immersive worlds, to AI characters and plot lines created on-demand, anywhere, for anyone, at almost zero cost.
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